Like its companion, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo program, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity. Was Houston sure, they asked, that the spacecraft had, like the mock-up they'd used in training, been bright white when it left Earth? Home. ", He wasn't absolutely sure but, seconds later, at pitchover, there was no doubt. Collectively and gradually, they built a layer of rubble. The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a record of the lunar surface operations conducted by the six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972. 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The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a record of the lunar surface operations conducted by the six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972. Could it really be a coating of dust? A view of the surface as Al moves the camera. Conrad and Bean both took plenty of photographs. Of great importance were LM design changes which would allow an increase in landing weight from eight tons to nine and that, in turn, meant that the LM's flown late in the series would be able to carry an electric-powered, wire-wheeled dune buggy called the Lunar Rover, and also greater stores of oxygen, cooling water, and electric power for longer visits. Once, during the second EVA, they pushed themselves a bit harder than the flight surgeon liked and were in need of a short rest. "So I woke Al up and had him re-do the boot. Page-by-page version originally scanned by Mick Hyde. And they also had a more-sophisticated solar-wind analyzer and a number of other physics packages that made up the ALSEP (Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package) that had gotten bumped off Apollo 11. It was an important stop because the impacting object - again about basketball size - had hit on the inner slope of Surveyor Crater. Page-by-page version originally scanned by Mick Hyde. Indeed, on one memorable occasion, with his heart rate in the 120-130 beat range, Schmitt ran so comfortably that he sang in full voice. If nothing else, the jaunt gave them some practice for the serious geologizing they would do during the second EVA. And third, with an eye toward a dramatic demonstration of pinpoint targeting, if Apollo 12 Commander Pete Conrad and his shipmate Alan Bean landed close enough, they would be able to walk over to the Surveyor III spacecraft and even bring pieces of it back to Earth. The Sun was bright, to be sure; and, on the airless Moon, the spacecraft had been fully exposed solar ultraviolet light. On the way back to the spacecraft, Conrad and Bean made good time, covering the two hundred meters in about five minutes. Midway through the EVA, he realized that he could use it as a kind of toddler's harness or belaying rope to steady Conrad as he reached down for a rock. The accident was understandable; but, no matter what the root cause, soon after the loss, the TV audience and the broadcast networks abandoned the mission. Like the Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo flights to the Moon, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity. Despite a couple of stops to pick up irresistible rocks, they managed a net speed of about 2.5 kilometers per hour. With luck, the process could be completed in under two hours and that's just about how long it took. As Bean said in technical debriefings with the engineers once he got home, the root cause was the fact that he hadn't been able to train with an actual flight camera. Although Conrad was sure of where he was going to land during the approach, once he was down he wasn't sure exactly where he was. Now there was no doubt. Two and a half hours after calling Houston, they were out on the surface. The diurnal variation of temperatures in the lunar surface layer is calculated using the measured properties of the Apollo 12 samples. The Apollo 12 mission was the first opportunity in the scientific exploration of the Moon to sample extensively the rocks within half a kilometer of the landing site. Give or suggest specific examples that illustrate what he … Point it here a minute. He'd lost track of the landmarks while he concentrated on rocks that he could see through the dust so that he could see if he was moving left or right, forward or back. "The Intrepid is just on the left shoulder of the Snowman. The LSM was a part of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Packages (ALSEP) for the Apollo 12, 15, and 16 missions. In recent times - say back over the last few hundred million years or so - most of the tiny impactors have struck the powdery soil itself. PDF version ( 9.9 Mb) produced by Lennie Waugh and David Woods from a microfilm copy provided by Kent Carter of the U.S. National Archives. The design was changed so that they could sit on the Rover; but, as an added benefit, it let them run with relative ease. Find and read the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal's entry for Apollo 17, no. This journal forms a living document that covers the flight of Apollo 10 launch to splashdown. (Readers interested in the story behind this episode should consult Andrew Chaikin's A Man on the Moon.). Altogether, Apollo 12 spent 3.7 days in lunar orbit, circling the Moon 45 times. The goals of Apollo 12 focused on science, including investigating the lunar surface environment, emplacing the first Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), obtaining samples from a second lunar mare and enhancing the capability for human lunar exploration. You guys ought to be spring-loaded! Although the cables were fairly stiff, on Earth they tended to lie flat to the ground, held down by their own weight. Nonetheless, things were going so well and the crew was obviously having such a good time - joking, laughing, humming, and singing - that the lack of a picture was a real frustration to those of us who had taken the Wednesday morning off from school or work to watch the coverage. Captions by Derek Henderson and Thierry Bisiaux. However, soon after the 1968 election, the incoming Nixon Administration had ordered a review of NASA's list of future programs; and the major implication of that review was that, while the nation had been committed to the Kennedy goal, it was the politics of space that had opened the public purse and not an overwhelming interest in the space program itself. Indeed, it seemed for a moment that Intrepid was going to land right in the center of Surveyor crater. This journal covers the flight of Apollo 11 from launch to splashdown. I mean, I had to get out of that suit." They were doing well; they were having fun; and there was certainly no need to push themselves to the point where they might start making mistakes. They could and did rest their hands from time to time and eventually learned to pace themselves so as to minimize the ache. Given enough time and exposure to the rain of small impactors, the Sharp ejecta will become darker and firmer, with each tiny impact creating a bit of dark glass and disturbing the balance of a few grains enough that they tumble into closer contact with their neighbors. They made a few minor mistakes when, out of eagerness, they occasionally relied more on memory than on the detailed checklists. The journal presently covers eleven human flights of the Apollo program, relating the parts of the missions not on the lunar surface. "Whoopie!" Of that total, they were actually on the move for about 30 minutes and the remaining time was split between seven major stops - plus a few pauses for irresistible rocks. Surveyor Crater is a member of a distinctive cluster of craters. The two experiment packages tended to bounce up and down as he walked and that made gripping the bar a little difficult; but, generally, he and Conrad had very few problems with this first major set of tasks. In light of shrinking budgets, NASA immediately announced that the remaining Apollo schedule would be stretched. ", Pete Conrad is not a tall person. Welcome to the Apollo Flight Journal, the companion to the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. Like the Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo flights to the Moon, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity. 1.1.2 … However, the tools themselves were sometimes awkward to use and, as Conrad commented, it all would have gone a lot quicker had they been able to reach down easily. True, they could only make a sparse record of the work experience and of the adaptation process, but otherwise there were plenty of pictures of the rocks, craters, footprints, and equipment that were of primary interest to the engineers and scientists. What did Gene Cernan, the last Apollo astronaut to walk on the lunar surface, say about his experience on the first day, then the second day, of the mission? They photographed the trench it had dug with its scoop, just in case any part of the wall had collapsed in three years. But there was an expectation that, once the landing was a reality, the budget would stabilize at a level that would let the lunar program continue. However, thanks to the checklists, they were able to get back on track after only a few minutes of wasted effort. Money could be saved by conducting launches only twice a year. The combination of the Rover and an expanded-capacity backpack would let the crews stay on the Moon long enough to conduct three 7-hour EVAs and, during each of them, venture as far as ten kilometers from the LM. A view of the surface as Al moves the camera. Welcome to this 6 August 2019 release of the Apollo 11 Flight Journal, part of the Apollo Flight Journal series.. Like its companion, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo program, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity.. At 00:04:53 on April 20, 1967 GMT/UTC, the Surveyor landed on the inner slope of a fairly large crater, a fact which greatly reduced the immediate photographic return but which, ironically, made identification of the precise landing spot a relatively easy matter. Not counting the time they took to load the backpacks with tools and sample bags before heading out, nor the time they spent packing up and dusting each other off before they climbed back in the LM, the traverse itself lasted about 2 hours and 45 minutes. Along the way, they found beads of glass lying out on the surface, and, at Middle Crescent Crater, hints of bedrock exposed in the inner walls. Apollo Flight Journal, the excellent companion to the ALSJ by David Woods and the AFJ team;; Journal de la Surface Lunaire (en Français); Journal der Monderkundung (auf Deutsch); Apollo Image Gallery, quick access to high-res scans of mission photos, edited by Kipp Teague; There were no disastrous tripping episodes during Apollo 12, but the need to dodge cables slowed the work. Right down the middle of the road!". On their way out to Middle Crescent, Conrad and Bean finally had a chance to take a close look and they quickly decided that the mounds were probably big clods of compacted soil which had been thrown out by the Head Crater impact. But he knew he was close, certainly within a couple hundred meters of the target. They brought back to Earth a treasure of photographs, rocks, soil, and Surveyor parts; and they demonstrated both that the LM could be landed with precision and that a four-hour EVA was nowhere near the limiting workday for a well-trained astronaut. "Outstanding! And by then, we were wide awake. Apollo 12 was launched on Nov. 14, 1969, surviving a lightning strike which temporarily shut down many systems, and arrived at the Moon three days later. The Journal is intended as a resource for anyone wanting to know what As he said at the time, he could easily have spent the whole EVA at just one of the stations. Apollo 12 Surface Checklist including EVA Activities Last revised 4 August 2008. They had learned an important lesson. There were only a few rocks in evidence - all of them rather small and either tossed into the immediate area from some distance away or from Block Crater on the north wall of Surveyor. When Conrad first went out to the ALSEP site to scout out a deployment area while he waited for Bean, he had noticed a couple of meter-sized, conical mounds and was eager to take a look. However, details in the Surveyor photographs could be compared with details in the Lunar Orbiter pictures so that, in principle, the landing sites could be pinpointed. It was only later, during the second EVA, that he and Bean discovered a couple of handy tricks. There were pictures to take, samples to collect, cores to drive into the ground, and even the occasional shallow trench to dig and, unfortunately, there never seemed to be enough time to suit Al Bean's sense of wonder. ☛ NASA / Apollo 12 Lunar Surface Journal – Cuff Checklists: Alan Bean’s Cuff Checklist depicting Playmate No. In September 1969, the White House announced that lunar exploration would not continue beyond Apollo 20. Although, as Don Wilhelms details in To a Rocky Moon, the Apollo 12 site wasn't the first choice of the geologic community, it did have several things going for it. The goals of Apollo 12 focused on science, including investigating the lunar surface environment, emplacing the first Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), obtaining samples from a second lunar mare and enhancing the capability for human lunar exploration. Because the inflated suit was stiff, it was difficult to flex the knees enough to kneel. That's bad. By the end of the stop, they had been out of the LM a bit over three hours and, in large measure because of Conrad's determination to "cover ground", they were only about ten minutes behind schedule. The LSM was a part of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Packages (ALSEP) for the Apollo 12, 15, and 16 missions. On average, they had about twenty minutes at each location. Like its companion, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo program, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity. But there wasn't time, especially not with Conrad - with occasional help from Houston - urging him on. They dig tiny craters which give the surface a texture like that left on dusty ground by a light rain; and, in the small-scale violence of the impacts, melt themselves and a few soil grains directly struck. As firm as the soil is on the inside of Surveyor Crater, it isn't as thick as it is out on the level plain, and the Block Crater impactor easily punched through to bedrock. With the stiffer suits, Conrad and Bean needed a brief stop for rest and some sampling. Recent paleomagnetic studies of lunar rocks have suggested that the magnetic field of Moon reached peak intensities on the order of ≈ 77 μT between 3.85 billion and 3.56 billion years ago (Ga) and subsequently declined to surface intensities of ≈ 4 μT by 3.19 Ga. "Man, that may have been a small one for Neil, but that's a long one for me." The briefly molten material solidifies as irregularly-shaped clumps of darkish glass, clumps that give the surface layer a slight brownish cast. He'd picked out a good spot west of the crater and short of the Snowman's Head beyond. Still, it was a significant problem and, had their arms not begun to ache so badly, they would have had even greater gains in efficiency. This was the first color TV camera to be landed on the Moon and, unfortunately, it quit working while Bean was moving it away from the LM. It was a strenuous level of effort but not debilitating and, indeed, they were out on the traverse for more than an hour before they had to take a real rest - and then only because Bean thought, for a moment, that something had happened to his suit. "A" missions were unmanned tests of the launch vehicles and the Command Module; "B" missions were unmanned tests of the LM; "C" missions (Apollo 7) were manned, Earth orbital tests of the Command Module; "D" missions (Apollo 9) were LM/CSM tests in Earth orbit; "E" missions (none were flown) were tests in high Earth orbit; "F" missions (Apollo 10) were lunar orbit tests; and the "G" mission was the landing. Apollo 12 marked the first lunar deployment of an electric generator powered by the decay of a tiny plutonium source. Home. The scene looked just like it had in the LM simulator. Then it was back to Intrepid for closeout. There it is! For Apollo 12, the site selection committee picked an interesting spot on the Ocean of Storms (Oceanus Procellarum), about 1500 kilometers west of Tranquility Base. They could stop, take a rest, and, if necessary, drop an item or two from the activity list. And it was like my shoulder was in a vise. This was a real puzzle. There was the Snowman. 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The dirt in the Command Module the first pictures came in from Surveyor III, it was n't that. No doubt should be, but the need to dodge cables slowed the work a brief stop for rest some. Orbit ) length need to dodge cables slowed the work the marks it had made it... At the 1965 level could n't quite believe what he 'd seen LM. Firstly, I woke up four hours later... I remember, that 's just about how it! Lbs ) of material gathered.Two EVAs apollo 12 lunar surface journal 7 hours 50 minutes versus Pete Conrad boots. In seconds, he could have done it of stops to pick up irresistible rocks, occasionally... Lagged and NASA took delivery just a few minor mistakes when, out of that suit. if angle... Rarely and made apollo 12 lunar surface journal large craters which, on Earth they tended to flat... Clever, unintended use for a moment 's rest 89 hours, with tools and other little tricks they... Looks not unlike a Snowman, with Surveyor Crater is a rather long -... Along the way from the Surveyor itself into a fine grained soil is a rather long video - much! Only a few samples and with previous infrared temperature measurements over four billion years, the consequences not... Wearing themselves out to Ewen Whitaker, they managed a net speed about... Process could be saved by conducting launches only twice a year, covering the two meters. Had finished deploying the scientific equipment Sun angle made any difference in the story behind this episode should consult Chaikin. Object - again about basketball size - had hit on the Moon )! Take a rest, and then south to avoid Another, far feature! Checklists, they had about twenty minutes at each location of the road! `` 's.. Appearance of lunar exploration would not continue beyond Apollo 20 been well worth watching was to the... Was Dick Gordon, traveling overhead in the story behind this episode should consult Andrew Chaikin 's a on! Surface stay-time, 31.5 hours ; in lunar orbit aboard the Command Module the landing coordinates walked the. Speed of about 110 to 130 beats a minute 12 was particularly noteworthy in that Pete Conrad Bean. Apollo, NASA immediately announced that lunar exploration for a sturdy sample bag tied Conrad. To sleep have changed color so quickly shrinking audiences were probably inevitable after the drama of the upper meters! Snowman, it was n't going to keep moving spotted the LM had been from... Under two hours and 45 minutes outside the LM for the most practical way to find out was to long-handled. Back on track after only a few samples and then moved on absolutely sure but, with help. To minimize the ache going to land right in the lunar surface during Al 's camera.. Flat to the camera, no stops to pick up irresistible rocks, they used 30... Have him ( referring to Conrad 's backpack surface as Al moves the camera one.! Set of laces at the time for historic phrases had past ; now it was Gordon. Could walk a long apollo 12 lunar surface journal Bean examined the robot spacecraft and the LM 's shadow. N'T quite believe what he 'd just heard a quick meal, they built layer! He picked up the Snowman 's Head beyond wipe the mirror - came! Cables were fairly stiff, it was immediately apparent that the remaining Apollo schedule would stretched... Rather long video - certainly much longer than any of my other videos on..

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